Voting: Concept maps submitted by the city and plaintiffs in the Holloway v. Virginia Beach suit

Voters wait to cast ballots early in September 2020 at the Virginia Beach Government Center. [John-Henry Doucette/The Princess Anne Independent News]
Ed. — These maps originally appeared in the Sunday, July 4, and Sunday, July 18, print editions.


This page includes edited versions of city-submitted “concept” maps reflecting potential voting systems at the heart of recent public discussions, as well as unedited maps submitted by the plaintiffs. 

The maps shown are based on maps filed by the parties in federal court as part of the ongoing Holloway v. Virginia Beach matter.

These are not final maps of a voting system we may have in 2022. They are just part of what the court will consider. The decision will be made by the court, and the maps and suggested districts will likely change due to Census data.

The city provided the court with two concepts.

Below are possible wards in a 10-1 system with a mayor elected citywide and 10 council members representing wards.

The two maps further below, taken together, show a 7-3-1 system with a mayor elected citywide, seven wards and three superwards that encompass multiple wards.

The final maps on this page reflect aspects of a 10-1 system proposed by attorneys representing the plaintiffs, Latasha Holloway and Georgia Allen.

This is an important note:

The maps submitted by the city reflect my decision to edit some information out due to issues that were raised earlier in the lawsuit.

I made this decision after consulting with both parties in the Holloway suit, including both of the plaintiffs.

Please reach me with any questions about that decision via email at

In my judgment, the information I edited out does not change any understanding of the maps for citizens wondering what their local voting system could look like next year. 


This map shows a “10-1” system suggested by the city in Holloway v. Virginia Beach. [Court records]


This map shows possible wards in a “7-3-1” system suggested by the city in Holloway v. Virginia Beach. [Court records]


This map shows possible superwards in a “7-3-1” system suggested by the city in Holloway v. Virginia Beach. The key aspect to remember about superwards is that they overlap, or include within their boundaries, multiple wards. [Court records]


These maps show a “10-1” system suggested by the plaintiffs in Holloway v. Virginia Beach. Under a potential 10-1 system, the mayor is elected citywide and can live anywhere within the city, and candidates for any of 10 City Council wards must live within the ward they want to represent. Only voters living within the ward can vote in the that race. Three wards, shown in yellow in the map at right, would have a majority population of minority voters. [Court records]

And, for comparison, here is our graphic about then existing system:

© 2021 Pungo Publishing Co., LLC

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